I seem to be having a hard time finding sunshine here in Krakow. However, for a trip to Auschwitz and Birkenau, a bright sunny day might be a bit too incongruous.
Below is one of the early attempts to deal with the remains of murdered persons. One pair of a total of four ovens at Auschwitz. The turntable on the floor allows operators to pull ashes out of an oven, turn the cart 180 degrees, and the push the cart over an ash pit to be dumped. This particular setup was abandoned as more efficient equipment was developed to handle the mass of murdered people.
Birkenau (Auschwitz II)
The other iconic gateway.
A railway wagon of the type used to transport to Birkenau for work or to be killed. This is the place seen in many photos showing people being taken off the trains and, in many cases, immediately sorted and taken to the gas chambers.
On the Birkenau site, opposite from the railway gate, are the remains of gas chambers and crematoria — destroyed by the SS at the Soviets advanced westward. A picture of the structure is on the sign to the left.
The memorial, opposite the camp from the railway gate. The group in the center are Israeli students. The government of Israel sends thousands of students every year to tour the death camps. This practice is considered controversial by some. The students are accompanied throughout their visit to Poland by Israeli security guards (I counted at least 4 with this group).
Inside one of the wooden barracks. These were designed as stables for the German Army — to house 52 horses. They held up to 400 prisoners.
Visiting Auschwitz and Birkenau
Many people take an organized tour, but I’d recommend avoiding them. You can do all the research you need online, and I don’t think Auschwitz and Birkenau are best absorbed when you are part of a herd. Also, during the peak tourist months, you can only enter Auschwitz I between the hours of 10:00 am and 3:00 pm as part of an organized tour– due to the crush of visitors. There are no such restrictions at Birkenau.
My recommendation is to take a bus from the Krakow bus terminal (right next door to the main Krakow train station). Get a bus that will get you to the museum no later than 11:00 – 11:30. Then take the free shuttle to Birkenau (Auschwitz II). You likely find it very quiet. Take your time and then take any of the shuttles back to Auschwitz that leave Birkenau after 2:45 pm. You will have managed is to avoid the surge of tours that starts at Auschwitz, then goes to Birkenau, and then home.
Panoramic Photo of Birkenau
A 360-degree view taken midway between the railway gate and the memorial. (Right click on photo and then select “View Image”.)